Sunday, September 2, 2012

WHAT IF!! For every 1 degree rise in global average temperature the impact on the planet gets worse!

Science behind Green



Climate…..?

à There is a vast difference between climate and weather. Climate is an average of long term weather pattern experienced in that particular area.



Climate change you say….huh?

à Climate change can occur due to natural causes. But today, climate change refers to the change in climate due to the human activities.



Greenhouse effect…is it?

à The atmosphere of the earth is made up of mixture of gases. Some of these gases allow warm rays of the sun to penetrate inside the atmosphere, and make the earth warm, but do not allow them to escape back. This is called greenhouse effect.



Carbon cycle….new cycle?

à The natural cycle of the earth where carbon is added to the atmosphere by various means such as fires, carbon di oxide exhaled by human beings etc. and the same carbon is removed from the atmosphere by photosynthesis by plants, absorption by the oceans etc. is called carbon cycle.

à This cycle would have remained steady if only humans did not intervene. Due to burning of fossil fuels and disruption of greenery, us human beings have intervened in this natural cycle and made it unbalanced.



Global Warming……is the globe warming?

à The average increase in earth’s temperature caused by rapid increase in the greenhouse effect due to human activity is called global warming.

Recharge Gizmos with Sun Energy!



A new kind of solar cell that copies Mother Nature’s way of converting sunlight to energy is the new idea for going green in the electronics market.

This new cell uses a new kind of photosensitive dye to produce energy, the same way plants perform photosynthesis.

These dye sensitive cells will be used to power a wide range of electronic devices ranging from e-book readers to cell phones.

The photosensitive cell will work in full throttle in bright sunlight and also work in inside ambient light such as bulbs and tube lights.

The solar cells have 11 cells each and take about six-eight hours to fully charge the device in bright sunlight, but takes a little more time indoors.

Sunday, August 5, 2012

Tips for Green Residential Complexes



· Water Recycling

- A small recycling plant can be devised so that all the grey water coming out from residents can be recycled and reused.

· Rainwater Harvesting

- Tanks on residential buildings or wherever possible should be constructed and used for harvesting of rainwater for future use.

· Garbage disposal

- All waste coming out from residents should be segregated into wet and dry wastes. As far as possible wets wastes should be recycled and reused as manure or compost.

· Planting Trees

- Trees should be planted in and around residential complexes. They not only spread greenery and generate fresh oxygen but they also keep the surrounding air cool.

· Environment friendly construction practices should be adopted.

· Power

- Energy efficient lighting systems should be used in flats. People should be made aware of the general tips they could adopt for saving electricity in their homes.

- As far as possible encourage use of natural day light in common areas of the building.

Case Study – China Builds Low Carbon City



14th May 2010

Turpan, a small town in Xinjiang province in china is going to experience its first environment friendly city.
The model city will be spread across 8.8Sq.Km. Solar energy and wind energy will be utilized to power the city.

For cooling and heating purposes, geothermal energy will be utilized. For public transport, the city will have zero pollutant electrical buses and taxis. The use of private cars will be minimized to least number possible.

Green Lifestyle





The idea of being conservative and environment friendly now has to become more than just an idea.

Many organizations in the professional arena are doing the best they can but this is not it. Smaller changes in the form of individual lifestyle changes in the personal arena can also help and contribute towards sustainability.

In summary we should look in conserving the energy that comes inside the house as also the one which goes outside as waste.

Generally, a home comprises of four main compartments – the bed, the hall, the kitchen and washrooms. These are the places one should look into.

The ideal way to save energy is to use electrical appliances in these four compartments efficiently.

For instance, check whether your ceiling fan has proper blades to spread enough air around the room. Now a days many electrical appliances come with a rating system which tells the consumer how energy efficient that particular appliance is.

Providing consumers with this type of information spreads eco-consciousness among them and they also start thinking the green way.

Another area where individual people can contribute is proper waste management in and around their own locality. Figures say that almost 70% of all household waste is wet waste.

The idea is that individuals now need to assess their own actions and how they impact the environment. This small idea of change in lifestyle can impact the environment to a large extent making it cleaner and greener.

Saturday, August 4, 2012

Denmark generates Electricity from Thrash


The people of Denmark can now live clean and happily as their new power plant generates electricity from thousands of tons of household garbage and waste from industries.

This new plant is by far more cleaner than conventional incinerators which is filled with dozens of filters to filter out all pollutants and toxins coming out of it.

Because of this power plant, their energy cost as well as fuel costs have reduced to a greater extent. Not only this, but they have benefited the environment by diminishing the use of landfills and cutting carbon di oxide emissions. 

With all these innovations, Denmark now regards garbage as a clean alternative fuel rather than a smelling environmental hazard.

Chop but Don’t Kill


With the increase in industrialization more and more land is getting barren and trees are being cut down. Because of this the imbalance increases causing more and more problems.

To stop this from happening a new technique called transplantation can be adopted so that the trees are moved to a secure location and not cut down.
For this, first we have to identify which trees can be transplanted. Generally fruiting trees cannot be transplanted while non-fruiting trees like coconut, banyan etc. can be.
After identification of the tree, it should be marked with a circle around the entire diameter of the tree.

Dig all around the circumference of the circle drawn as well as deep under the tree so you will get a huge ball of dirt which should also contain the roots of the tree.
Another plot should be identified for the transplantation. The identified spot should have the same soil as the existing so that the environment remains same for the plant to grow in.

At the transplantation spot, dig a larger hole than you did earlier and put some fertilizers and/or manure inside if necessary.
Pick the tree up and place it inside the whole carefully. The tree needs so looking after for atleast 4 months before it starts to fruit again.

Green Electricity – Know How



v Lighting System

ü Automatic lighting saves a lot of energy. Consider placing light sensors, dimmers, automatic timers etc. so that the lights go off when not in use to save electricity.

ü As far as possible, use task specific lights.

ü 90% of energy consumed by an ordinary bulb goes off as heat rather than ight.

ü Replace all ordinary bulbs with energy saving CFL bulbs. They use 75% less electricity than ordinary bulbs.

ü Recycling one aluminum can can save as much energy to power a TV for six hours!

ü Don’t keep your video games, computers and other appliances powered on or on sleep mode. These devices still use electricity when not in use. Idea is to plug them into a power strip and shut off the power strip when the appliances are not in use.

ü Dirty tube lights and bulbs reflect less light and can absorb 50% of the light; dust your tube lights and bulbs.



v Air Conditioners

ü Use fans or table fans as the first priority of cooling during the summers. Celling fans cost 30p per hour to operate whereas AC cost Rs. 10 per hour.

ü Shading walls and windows of the host can reduce AC consumption by about 40%

ü Set the AC to work at 250 C to provide the most comfort at least cost.

ü Keep doors to air conditioned rooms closed as far as possible.

ü Clean the AC air filters every month. Clean filters help AC to work more efficiently and consume much less energy.



v Refrigerators

ü Refrigerator motors and compressors generate heat, so allow enough air flow around them. If the heat cant escape, the motor will run harder and consume more electricity.

ü Make sure to properly the door of the refrigerator so that the temperature is maintained properly.

ü Periodic maintenance ensures efficiency and less consumption of energy.



v Reuse & Recycle

ü Reduce waste by using recyclable materials. Decrease the use of disposables as they add to non-biodegradable waste.

ü Make sure to recycle what cannot be reused such as paper, plastic etc.

ü Refuse the use of plastic bags, use cloth bags wherever possible.

ü If you reduce your household waste you can save 1200 pounds of carbon di oxide annually.

Friday, August 3, 2012

Re – Cycle



- Recycling Plastics

Plastics are one of the major contributors of solid waste problem around the world. To make up and recycle such plastics an innovative idea in terms of “hand print” paved the way.

The idea was that the low micron plastic bags can be woven together to make them into a fabric which can then be used to make products. With this innovative idea, every plastic bag will be recycled and made to use again so the environment will be free of solid plastic wastes and will become cleaner and greener.



- Recycling Paper

With the increase in industrialization the consumption of paper is increasing day by day. Hundreds and thousands of trees are being fallen down to make paper and this leads to deforestation which leads to other problems.

Looking at this pattern of escalating use of paper and decreased recycling technique one should think to recycling paper on an individual level. People should be made aware of the fact and should be taught to recycle paper.

Ecological Footprint – The Know How



THE WHEN

Devised in the year 1990’s by a Canadian ecologist. Ecological Footprint is a figurative count of the amount of resource a human being consumes to make it sustain itself. Here a human being can mean an entire neighborhood or entire mankind.

Some current research says that the collective footprint is 23% more than what the Earth can sustain.



THE HOW

Online footprint calculators ask the person taking the test a series of questions based on their way of living. The questions range from how they commute the food they eat, etc.

After the test the calculation is shows to the individual of the amount of footprint he has as compared to the country as well as globally.



THE WHAT

After the result, the individual can assess his own way of living and how he can reduce and save on some things so that the footprint gets reduced

Go – Carbon Low



If you ask someone walking down the street what is meant by the most over used word now days – “Global Warming” or “Climate Change” he will naturally boast about the hot climate or talk to you about the weather.

But little does a common mane know that this phenomenon comprises of hundreds of other conditions ranging from unseasonal rains or excess of snow fall in the tropics, hurricanes, droughts etc. global warming is a universal truth.

Transportation and industrial combustion, which operates on combustion of fossil fuels and deforestation, are the largest contributors of the greenhouse gases like carbon di oxide, methane, ozone etc.

To prevent such disastrous changes to happen, we have to contribute to save our planet and make it environment friendly place to live in.

It is important to remember that every time one uses the air conditioner or a non CFC free refrigerator you are triggering global warming!!.



Carbon Emissions – Facts & Figures



- Sticking to the per capita emission approach, as stated in the Kyoto pact, the developing world demands that every individual has equal rights to carbon space.

- Advocates say the developed nations have occupied roughly 70% of the carbon space though they are home to less than a fifth of the world’s population.

- Poor countries want the rich to evacuate this space – reduce their emissions rapidly – or pay them to do so. This could impact how steep emission targets undertaken will be.

- Critics say the per capita line assumes there is an equal right to pollute or to the atmosphere as a global sink.



v 1510.4 million tons is the amount of carbon di oxide emitted by India.

v 1.3 tons is the per capita emission in India.



- From Green Cover Section (TOI)



Leak Proof Your Home



Wall paints peeling off and the house walls going damp is a regular issue during the rainy seasons. One needs to take care of the leakages beforehand to prevent this from happening.



· Waterproofing in general terms means preventing water to come inside the house and damaging your walls and paints etc. this is a very important thing to do and one can’t just neglect it just like that.

· If, for any reason you don’t come to know from where the leakage or seepage is coming from then you should call the experts who can tell you what kind of leakage is there and how it needs to be fixed.

· Waterproofing is done in three stages – terrace waterproofing, house waterproofing and basement waterproofing.

· While waterproofing the terrace, make sure that the surface is dry and there is no stagnating water. Make sure that all cracks are treated properly with waterproofing compounds.

· While waterproofing in the house, first step is to ensure that all cracks are treated with a waterproofing compound. Tilling of wall also is a good idea, as this not only prevents water coming inside but also makes your house look elegant. While repairing of walls, do not use bricks as they are porous and allow water to seep through it. There are plenty of waterproof paints available in the market for use.

· Waterlogging in basements should be taken care of. If the basement is used for storage purpose make sure it is leak-proof first.

· Water problems if not properly checked and nipped in the bud, can pose to be a great hazard to the house in the future. Hence, it is very important to keep your house free from water related issues.

Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Green Living Tips



Residing in a 'green home' is great, but the house isn't going to stay that way for long if you don't maintain it effectively, or you don't lead a way of life to go with it. In the passions of helping you increase the benefit of residing in your effective, healthy house - we've collected a list of tips to help keep you in top form.




Conserving Water — What you can do:




Conserve Water




Install low-flow shower heads and sink aerators

Fix leaking taps and toilets

If you must water your lawn or lawn, use electronic timers and get tubes earlier or later in the day.




Keep Water Clean




Properly get rid of of shows, motor oil and bug sprays by recycle or taking them to a dangerous spend selection website.

Use low effect farming methods that prevent bug sprays and chemical plant foods.

Buy natural produce, produced with less bug sprays.




Saving Power — What you can do:




Use Power Wisely




Lower your temperature in the winter and raise it in the summer.

Have your air conditioner and ac maintained and washed annually.

Turn down your hot trouble heaters to 120-140°F.

Check your fridge and fridge for leaking gaskets around the door.

Caulk, weatherstrip and protect surfaces, lofts, cellars, windows, gates and pipe joints.




Buy Power Savers




Install lightweight florescent lighting (CFL’s)where practical.

Add dimmers and electronic timers to lighting changes.

Install a automated temperature.

Look for the “Energy Star” brand when buying new equipment.

Choose power from alternative resources.




Reducing Waste — What you can do:




Reduce Trash




Avoid bad appearance and individual use products.

Buy recycleable, fixable, standard or refillable products.

Buy products created from recycleable components or in recycleable appearance.




Eliminate Toxins




Seek solutions to harmful family purifiers, bug sprays, colour removal and other products containing harmful substances.

Bring empty products to family dangerous spend selections in your community.




Reuse and Recycle




Try to use before you recycle

Mulch or rich composting lawn waste

Sell or provide used outfits, furniture, guides, things for the property, etc.

Recycle computer systems, TV’s and other gadgets.




Home Enhancement — What you can do:




Clean Green




Buy non-toxic purifiers and other products.

Follow guidelines when saving remaining products.

Dispose of toxics at a family dangerous spend selection website.




Fix It Up




Use low-impact products and materials

Install cost effective appliance and lighting.

Use timber from self-sufficiently produced jungles.

Buy floor covering and other products that are created of recycleable articles.

Look for inside air quality information on products you buy.




Lawn & Yard — What you can do:




Reduce Lawn Cover




Create a low-maintenance lawn.

Reduce pitch lawn to less than 75% of the total area.

Replace lawn with local plants, flowerbeds and ground covers.




Let It Grow Naturally




Use natural or low-impact farming and water methods.

If you use manure, use a slow-release type no more than twice per year.

Use a mulching lawn mowers to destroy lawn extras and leave them on the lawn.

Compost lawn spend.

Conserve water by mulching and using a soaker garden water hose or get system.




Green Shopping — What you can do:




Buy Less




Buy in volume.

Rent or lend rather than buy.

When appropriate, buy recycled, renovated or renovated rather than new.

Remember: recycle is the last hotel when decreasing or recycling are not possible.




Shop Smart




Avoid a cup and non reusable appearance.

Avoid things you cannot or will not use.

Buy recycleable or refillable products and those from companies with good ecological routines.

Buy products produced regionally.

Donate or offer undesirable things for the property.

Buy products with recycleable articles.




Automobiles and Travel — What you can do:




Care For Your Car




Keep your car updated, wheels filled, filter systems washed and oil modified regularly.

Check ac for leaking.

Buy the smallest octane gas recommended for your car.

Make sure your service place recycles oil, wheels, battery power and antifreeze effectively.




Drive Right




Purchase a car that gets 30-mpg or more.

Observe speed limits; improve easily and moderately; prevent tailgating or extreme idling.

Try not to generate during prime time.

Try a low-emission vehicle that uses alternative petrol.




Don’t Drive




Walk, bike, jog or take the bus.

Telecommute one or two days per week.

Carpool

High Performance At Zero Cost



When assessing systems to integrate into your green house, it is simple to get found up in direct price evaluations of similar products. For example, it is simple to evaluate the expenditures of an 80% and 90% effective gas air conditioner. There are up-front expenditures, and then there are managing expenditures. Even though the 90% air conditioner will certainly price less in the long run, the additional up-front expenditures can often be disillusioning.A natural look at the property as a program can help a designer keep those expenditures in the funds by decreasing expenditures with additional techniques. Here is a quick-fire way to actually decrease development expenditures while at the same time helping the energy-efficiency of a home:




Move the technical devices inside programmed area. Doing so will mean you do not have to protect the channels, and will additionally outcome in less duct material expenditures. This is a choice made in the design level of the venture, and expenditures nothing additional. Slow up the quantity of useless wood you use in mounting. Use two man sides, get rid of impact guys under windows and apply rim joist headers to decrease the material expenses and improve area for insulating material. Make mounting companies collection all off-cuts in the spare room area, so they can be used for reduced parts or even obstructing. Doing so will also decrease the quantity of waste you will pay to have taken away. Close off the cover. This will price a little additional to do, but will save some additional cash further down the range. Home closing professionals are available who can come in and caulk and froth all the penetrations in the developing cover, decreasing air leak by as much as 30%. Keep in mind to balance the program with appropriate HVAC ventilation!







Hold your insulating material service provider responsible. Inappropriate set up of insulating material is what causes it to lose its realistic value. Change alternatives can easily improve expenditures, so basically have your insulating material service provider do the job right. No pressure, breaks or gaps, please. Insulation guy cannot do it effectively without lots of added costs? Get a new insulating material guy!




Properly size HVAC devices. Often required by regional developing requirements but not effectively policed, properly measurement the air conditioning devices can outcome in lesser devices requirements. Smaller devices means bigger spending provide higher efficiency designs.




Do your preparation. Connect with power company companies, non-profits and state organizations that offer rewards for applying high-performance features. Often a matter of documents, rewards can improve your the main thing. The result? A house that is effectively protected, price effective, and affordable for both designer and house owner. A happy relationship all round!

Sunday, June 3, 2012

Big Guns Going Green!!



· Nokia:

1. Nokia is striving to reduce the size of their packaging material and thereby using more of recycled materials. This reduced their use of paper materials by almost 100,000 tones.

2. Nokia factories are located within industrial areas which increase efficiency of operation and reduce co2 emissions because of less transportation.



· Wipro Technologies, India

1. Wipro switched to Green IT in combination with virtualization and this helped them reduce electricity cost.



· Infosys

1. Infosys have implemented planting of solar voltaic in many of their campuses to reduce energy cost and improve energy efficiency.



Environment Friendliness helps business prosper



· Green and energy efficient technology can cut down cost tremendously.

· With the increasing awareness of green and clean environment people are now opting for environment friendly products. So if people find these products they prefer them more over traditional ones, even if they are a bit costly.

Sunday, May 27, 2012

Green All The Way



A typical eco-house can cost you at around 14 to 23k per sq m. on the other hand the conventional building can cost you at around 19k per sq m. Now the saving part; the eco-house can save upto 52% energy can revive your capital cost within 5-7 years.

An eco-house should:

A. Use solar power

Solar panels can be used for your outdoor lighting needs, solar heating needs etc. LED lamps may also be used which can save you almost 75% power.



B. Should save water:

Implement simple and efficient water conservation techniques. Ensure fixing of water efficient fixtures.



C. Efficient Cooling:

Avoid using lead tiles and ensure windows are glazed to avoid reflection and overheating.



D. Natural Paints:

Uses recycled or cane furniture and ensure use of low VOC and natural paints.



E. Cross-ventilation:

Be sure to widen windows of the north-east and west facing windows to ensure proper ventilation in the house.



F. Reuse & Recycle:

Use flyash bricks and use recycled content wherever possible.



G. Use smokeless challahs to ensure minimal pollution.

H. Green your surroundings by planting trees, herbs, shrubs etc. this will reduce pollution.



Percentage Percentage!!



1. Efficient roofing and lighting can reduce cooling load by 17.5% in air conditioned areas and 74% in non-air conditioned areas.

2. Energy efficient appliances save 35% energy.

3. A partly air conditioned green building can save upto 40% energy.

4. Energy efficient and smart building envelope saves 39% energy.

5. Energy saving fixtures can save 15% energy.

Saving is the Question, Sun is the Answer



The old idea has finally turned gold, that the suns energy can be utilized by converting it into electrical energy. This implementation can save you on energy cost and make you and your surrounding environment greener.

While some think that the installation and maintenance cost are soaring high one does not think that the long time could cost them to around Rs. 10 per unit.

Some advantages of solar energy to ponder on:

1. Solar power is the cleanest and greenest power that one can use in their homes.

2. It does not consume any fuel and its energy is abundantly available.

3. The Return on Investment is low i.e. 6 months. That is after 6 months it becomes free.

4. Because of the rising cost of energy in India and many other countries, this solution is an ideal one.

Sunday, May 6, 2012

Green? Is It?



Today everybody is talking about going green and sustainable, but this fact is lingering around for decades. But as people became aware of the fact, the topic gained importance again.

FAST FACTS:

1. Homeowners use 10 times more toxic chemicals than farmers.

2. By lowering your thermostat of your HVAC equipment by 1 degree, fuel consumption is cut by 10%.

3. If you insulate your attic it will reduce energy loss by upto 20%.

4. By replacing every 75 watt bulb by an energy efficient one, you prevent one ton of carbon dioxide to release in the air.

All of us know that being conservative makes our planet sustainable and green. but how many of us know what exactly makes buildings green.

A green building is one which conserves water, uses energy efficiently, prevents wastage of natural resources, prevents waste generation and provides a healthier, greener and sustainable occupancy as compared to conventional buildings.

Evaluating how green a building is, is very important. LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is the international rating system for green buildings. For Indian standards GRIHA is the rating system used for green buildings.

Owing to the speedy decrease in resources, people are now getting aware of the fact that to save environment, sustainable implementation is necessary. These rating systems do exactly the same.

Rating systems are devised so that the concerned party knows exactly how green his building is and if more implementations are necessary he gets to know them and implement them and then the building is rated accordingly.

These implementation will not only lower your cost but will also lower the impact the building has on the environment.

Recycle & Conserve Energy



It is a known fact that saving energy makes our planet more sustainable and green. With the soring electricity bills we need to devise systems that can fulfill our day to day needs without wasting resources and energy.

One of these systems is the use of solar power. Solar power is free and the panels required are more improved and readily available now days. Solar power works when the sunlight directly falls on photovoltaic cells and gets converted to electricity. The solar power may seem expensive but the long time cost of energy saving is much more.

Another way of saving energy is recycling. A paper mill requires 40% less energy to make paper from recycled paper than to make it from fresh pulp. Aluminum; you save 95% of energy in recycling aluminum as well as 70% in recycling plastic.

So, as energy saving is the need of the hour, implementing these small strategies will make you save a lot on electricity, money as well as our planet.

Sunday, April 29, 2012

Save energy from home



Remember the last time you saw your soaring electricity bill!! Listed below are some energy efficient tips which can be used in various sections of your home and can cut down your electricity bill:

· In the kitchen:

1. Make sure that your refrigerator door is closed properly.

2. Clean your refrigerators condense coil regularly so that it works properly.



· In summers & winters:

1. Clean or replace your AC filters so that it can operate efficiently.

2. Make sure to close all your windows while using the AC

3. Make sure you choose your AC according to your room size.

4. Run your AC at an optimum temperature of 24o C

5. Use blinds to shade your homes from the heat and keep the temperature cool inside.



· While doing laundry:

1. Use hot water to clean dirty clothes and cold water to rinse them.

2. If you have a setting to close your dryer when the clothes are dry, make sure you use it. It will save a lot of energy.

3. Remember to clean your washer dryers lint filters after every load.



· Light bulbs:

1. Buy energy efficient light bulbs and use low wattage bulbs wherever possible such as walkways and closets etc.

2. Turn off lights when not in use.

Implementing these steps can not only help you save on your electricity bill but can also help you save the environment.

Save on your Carbon Emissions



Here are some ways in which you can save on your carbon emissions:

1. Turn off all appliances when not in use. Instead of keeping your computers on hibernation during the night, turn them off. This will contribute to much less carbon emission.

2. Make sure to use both sides of the paper before dumping them into the waste bin. Use online collaboration system wherever possible for your documentation needs.

3. Use water efficiently. Using it efficiently will save approx. 4 gallons of water.

4. Make sure to recycle glass and plastic items. They are non-biodegradable so recycling them is a good idea than to dump them.

5. Plant more and more tress in and around your home. It will keep the indoor air quality nice, cool and pure.

6. Save fuel by using your vehicle wisely and efficiently.

7. Use natural day light to maximum level and minimize use of artificial lights during day time.

Implementing these small strategies can make a lot of difference.

Green Buildings – What & Why



Green buildings refer to structures which are environment friendly during both their construction and maintenance phases.

Some common features of green buildings are:

a. Green structures are environment friendly so they strive to minimize use of non-renewable resources which are scarce.

b. Green buildings use resources efficiently so that they don’t get wasted.

c. These buildings are made with locally available green and environment friendly materials.

d. Energy efficient fixtures with optimum levels of energy savings are used in such buildings.

e. Green buildings utilize solar or wind power, whatever available, to minimize use of artificial energy and protect the environment.

Green buildings are designed to save on natural resources which are scarcely available an protect the environment.

Construction of a green building requires proper planning and execution. This involves planning for:

1. Proper site selection

2. Proper designing of the building

3. Planning for proper and efficient HVAC systems.

4. To see through it that minimum energy is utilized during the construction phase of the building.

5. Maximize use of green and environment friendly materials which are available locally.

6. Maintain proper indoor air quality of the building.

Monday, April 16, 2012

Reuse & Recycle



Reusing and recycling of your house hold products can not only save your money but can also help in saving environment and making it green and sustainable.

- Old cardboard cartoons can be used to collect paper or recycled items, instead of collecting it in plastic bags.

- Plastic bags can be reused as waste paper bin liners.

- When redecorating your house, see to it that major products that you use are recyclable as it saves the generation of waste.

- Plastic bottles, jugs etc. can be substituted for holding oils, paints, varnishes etc.

- Bottles can also be used as vases and other decorative items.

- Newspapers and magazine covers can be used for giftwrapping instead of throwing it away in the thrash.

- Maintenance of house appliances should be kept periodically to ensure their efficient working.

These small house hold steps when implemented will save the environment and will help you go green and sustainable.

Sunday, April 8, 2012

Solar Passive Architecture



Power and environment are the two most serious problems we are facing today. So to conserve both, integrated thinking becomes an essential part in everything we do today.

Today, buildings with lowest possible energy use and highest possible comfort level are the requirement of population today. This can be done if the temperature of a built structure can be controlled and maintained without the use of machines and electronic devices. These building designed are termed as Solar Passive Architecture.

We all know that buildings provide us with comfort and protect us from outside temperature. But its environmental function is to act as a barrier controlling the outside temperature in such a way that the indoor temperature remains comfortable enough.

Solar and wind energy are everywhere and abundantly available. These can be used abundantly in a wise way to be taken advantage of in a building and reduce energy use and help the environment.

Here are some ways to mitigate the problem of power and environment:

1. Passive Downdraft Evaporation Cooling (PDEC) is a very effective cooling system which does not require much mechanical or electrical energy.

2. Proper use of insulation i.e. double or single can also help.

So, implementing these steps can achieve a great change in the comfort level and also pose a change to the environment and make it green and sustainable.

“COOL ROOFS” to conserve energy



“Cool roof” is nothing but a roof on which a special coating is applied to reduce the amount of heat it absorbs. Generally these coatings are white in color.

Conventional i.e. dark colored roofs absorb more heat during summer and heat transfer takes place which transfers heat to people staying down below. Because of this heat transfer, the temperature in the houses below start escalating and people are forced to switch on their AC’s.

So this “Cool roof” phenomenon reduces heat absorption and transmission which reduces the chances of switching your AC on. So this technology not only reduces heat absorption, it also saves on your electricity bill and indirectly cuts down on carbon emissions which leads to a cooler, greener and more sustainable planet.

Thursday, April 5, 2012

SMALL INITIATIVE = BIG CHANGE



Carbon footprint can be reduced drastically by following some small steps:

1. Don’t be a couch potato and switch off your TV set. Think how our ancestors used to entertain themselves.

2. Always switch off your lights once you vacate the room.

3. Mobile chargers and other chargers consume a lot of electricity. Make sure to unplug them after you have charged your gadgets and gizmos.

4. If you use an air conditioner make sure to use it at optimum temperature i.e. 24o C

5. Throw away all your old bulbs and invest in CFC bulbs. Which are not only energy efficient but burn with brilliance and last more than ordinary ones.

Implementing these small steps can change our way of living and indirectly save our planet and make it more green and sustainable.

“GREEN PARKING”



With increase in the number of vehicles these is an ever increasing need of parking spaces. And because of the urgent needs parking lots are built haphazardly. They generally consume large space and built by asphalt or cement.

These surfaces usually absorb large amount of heat and reach high temperatures. These surfaces such as asphalt and cement do not allow any water to percolate so the ground water reserve is affected.

Because of all these problems a new concept as “Green Parking” is evolved which basically means to initiate some strategies in parking spaces/lots so that it benefits the society as well as the environment.

Enlisted are some points to ponder and initiate:

1. Make sure that there is maximum use of day light in basements and parking lots.

2. Provide proper level of ventilation

3. Carbon monoxide sensors should be installed to go off when levels increase above minimum.

4. In open parking spaces, use shades of high SRI value so that it decreases the local heat island effect.

5. Reserve car parking space for car poolers, this will not only encourage carpooling but will also decrease traffic congestion.

By following these small steps one can make a large difference. So come on lets strive to park our next vehicle the “Green Way”.

Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Relation between Carpets & Indoor Air Quality


Carpets have been used by people for a very long time now. Carpets are favored by many benefits. Some are listed below:

1.     Carpets act as a good insulator. It absorbs / retains heat for longer time in cold seasons and in warm climate insulates against invasive heat.
2.     Carpets provide a nice surface to work on and helps prevent slippage and injuries.
3.     Carpets are good absorbers of sound and absorb all sound and prevent it from bouncing off
4.     Carpets hold dust particles until they are vacuum cleaned.

BEHIND ALL BENEFITS LIES INDOOR AIR QUALITY
Carpets and all other floor coverings are said to contaminate indoor air quality to a large extent. When carpets are laid down, they are glued to the ground with chemical adhesives which has hazardous vapors of Volatile Organic Compound which contribute not only to poor air quality but also is hazardous for our health.

VOC’s (Volatile Organic Compounds)
They are a group of compounds containing carbon which can evaporate at room temperature. Substances containing these compounds are paints, adhesives, solvents etc.

Due to synthetic fibers in carpets emissions can happen which can further contaminate air quality.

SO WHAT TO DO!!
By choosing the right type of carpet, proper installation and maintenance one can prevent and minimize emissions and improve indoor air quality.

1.     Choose carpets which are tested for low VOC content.
2.     Use low VOC adhesives for gluing the carpet
3.     After installation of a new carpet ensure ventilation for 24 hours and make sure to open all windows and fan during the ventilation process.  
4.     Regular maintenance of carpet can improve the indoor air quality very much.

If even a small amount of people get aware and try to save this hazardous vapors, a major change will happen to the environment and the earth will stay sustainable and green. 

Sunday, April 1, 2012

Scarce resource + optimal use = Going Green



Because of the rising awareness of going green and sustainable, many implementations have been made by various homes in making their house sustainable.

Going green basically means doing activities which do not harm the environment. As energy costs are rising day by day, we should use the available scarce resources in an optimal level.

There are several ways in which one can adapt to a green and sustainable lifestyle. Implementations of these can help you save on electricity costs.




1. Planting pots around the house will aid in cooling your house by around 25%

2. Use light paints in your house as dark paints absorb light more and the pressure on cooling equipment increases.

3. Replace all standard light bulbs with CFC bulbs. They use 75% less energy and can save a lot on electricity.

4. Cover your glass windows so that to prevent excessive heat from coming in and shade it by planting plants on the window.

5. Turn off water tap when brushing teeth and save 15 litres of water/min.

6. Decrease water use by replacing your current shower heads and other taps with water efficient fixtures.

7. While buying appliances look for their energy ratings. Also look for energy labels like Energy Star, BEE etc.

8. Use sunlight/natural light whenever possible and cut down on artificial lights.

9. Seek help to determine what type and size of cooling equipment you need. Picking large equipment for small rooms will increase energy consumptions.

10. Using front loader washing machines will save 25% energy.





Like every activity, energy saving has to also start from home. Start saving now and make your home a green and sustainable place to live in. if every home implements these activities, one day the world will become a better place to live in.









Tax benefit for Green Buildings


Various governments across the world are thriving to support and help green movement spread across the people and so the government is deciding to lower taxes for buildings with green facilities.
For example:
In Mumbai, Maharashtra the government has made announcement that buildings with solar panels, water harvesting and various other green facilities will become a “must-have” in and around Maharashtra.
For making this happen, the government has promised to lower tax for such buildings. When this is approved, builders have to make it mandatory to provide solar panels, water harvesting, water recycling and use of high grade construction material with good insulation.

Friday, March 30, 2012

E – Waste


A lot of talks are going on about the amount of e-waste generated. “e-waste” is nothing but electronic waste consisting of broken and non-usable electronic components or appliance.
It has become a major point of concern as many of these electronic wastes are toxic and non-biodegradable.  The major sources of these e-wastes are IT and telecommunication equipment, household appliances various consumer electronics etc.
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING
Because of the technological advancement new and new technologies and equipment are showing up with a very little though about the way it will affect the environment.  
But that’s not all. Many people think that new technology and equipment and devices are more effective so they throw away the old ones, even if there usable life is still remaining. This also generates a lot of e-wastes.
    So, to prevent e-wastes from generating and contaminating, various organizations like Nokia etc. have come up with implementations so that people can give them old equipment to them and they will recycle and reuse them.
   Other organizations and governmental institutions should contribute and help us to cut down this generation of e-waste and help save our planet.

Thursday, March 29, 2012

REUSE & RECYCLE


A lot of waste is generated when construction or demolition activities take place. This waste mostly consists of non-biodegradable wastes such as blocks of concrete, plaster, wood etc.
These wastes are heavy and often require very large spaces and usually are found right in front of the roads and also in communal waste bins. We have all seen examples of this, large piles of junk kept on the road resulting in congestion and traffic jams.
It is approximated that 10-12 million of construction waste is generated in India. In other countries, one has to pay huge amount of fees for dumping construction & demolition waste.
I accordance with this, private waste management companies and firms receive incentives for collecting these wastes and treating it properly and reusing it. But these kinds of cooperative efforts are missing in India.
Though India lacks in this, there are small agencies and firm that work on generating and treating this waste so that it can be reused in some other material.
This is a very small scale activity which does not make a sizable difference to the amount of waste generated. CDE, one of the leading companies in the world, have come up with a plant in india which can recycle construction and demolition waste. With this new technology one can get recycled aggregate and sand of profound quality.
Other movement is the WRAP Aggregate Program is a European body which has promised to use recycled aggregates in any forms as concrete, bricks etc.  
These types of waste management programs and with the help of government programs, one can make a huge difference in management of these construction related waste and recycle and reuse them.

Wednesday, March 28, 2012

Waste Management = Green Environment


Waste management by an individual or company is a very tedious task and is not as easy as it sounds. So, to implement this, one needs to support the guys doing this and contribute.

CLASSIFY AND JUSTIFY
Waste is actually classified under two heads, one the solid waste and liquid waste. Solid wastes include industrial waste, municipal wastes, e-wastes etc. Liquid wastes include sewage wastes etc.  

DON’T DUMP, DISPOSE
Till date, loads and loads of waste are dumped everywhere without any treatment, which in turn adds to the pollution of natural environment and indirectly leads to phenomenon of climate change and global warming.
If these loads and loads of wastes were to be remained untreated, it can largely affect land, the crops, it can also effect in unusual climate change etc.
So the effective way to dispose off liquid waste is through effluent treatment plants and sewage plants. Solid wastes are disposed off in the same way and treated.

PLASMA TECHNOLOGY
Plasma Gasification technology is a new method of disposing hazardous waste.
·        Except radioactive wastes, any other types of wastes can be destructed using this technology.
·        This technology reduces the dioxin/furan formation to a very negligible amount.
·        Temperatures in plasma gasification technology can be changed rapidly.
·        It generates reusable vitrified material in comparison with increnation which generates toxic ash.

As new and new technologies come in, the implementation level should go to a higher level. The awareness level in the public for sustainable living is spreading but as implementation remains minimal, the disastrous phenomenon still prevails.

SUNERGY


Powering with help of sun
In 1921, Albert Einstein won a noble price for his contribution in photo electric effect. It is this concept that has made scientists wonder about the possibilities of obtaining energy from sun.
In present day, many organizations and government bodies around the globe has taken steps to increase these types of energy sources to be used. This increased used of alternate energy has surely made a positive impact, but still the search for renewable energy is culminating in solar energy.
An innovation, amorphous silicon thin film modules, has made this search for renewable energy stop.
These modules when installed generate electricity from sunlight, without any worries about pollution of nature, sound etc.
Companies like Du Point have been into solar technologies for past two decades and now they are implementing these modules with a package for individuals as well as corporates.

Sunday, March 25, 2012

Plug into Green Technology


Given the regular reminders we get of the ongoing disaster from greenhouse effect, climate change and shortage of water etc. sustainable living has become an obvious way to save our planet.
But as everyone knows, going sustainable and changing our way of living is not as easy as it sounds.
Fortunately, enlisted are a few ways in which you can take the green initiative:

ANALYSE YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT
Carbon footprint is nothing but the measure of carbon dioxide we produce daily going about doing our daily activities.
Carbon footprint is rather a crude way of knowing how much an individual is contributing towards global warming.
Once we know the measure, we can work on finding ways to reduce it and help protect our planet.

USED CARS CAN SAVE TOO
Most of us think that thrashing the old car and buying new “green” cars can save and cut down carbon emissions. But this is just a myth. In fact, buying old used cars with decent mileage can save you the cost and can cut down your emissions too.

SMART GADGETS
If present gadgets don’t help in reducing carbon emissions, then search for energy efficient gadgets that can do that for you. There are many gadgets available, for example, ones which can sense your presence in the room and then only run, saving you on precious electricity and indirectly reducing your carbon load.
Another great way of saving is to charge your devices using alternate and sustainable resources. Now days, portable solar chargers are available which can help you achieve this.

So go on, try little bit of everything and slowly you will see yourself living a green and sustainable life.

Saturday, March 24, 2012

Sustainable & Green Home


Life Time


Earthshaking ways to save the World


Due to the phenomenon of global warming, the scientists are working overtime. Some scientists are trying to understand this phenomenon of global warming and trying to find ways to mitigate this, while others are focusing on Carbon Footprint.
And there are other scientists who are coming up with rather unpleasant ways to alter nature and feed the human needs.
Take a look at these:

  • SUNSCREEN LOTION!

Well it is not all different; it is a cosmic way of the same. Scientists propose to spray the atmosphere with thousands of ton of material which reflect sunlight.
These sprayed particles will form a protective layer over the earth and disperse the sunlight. As lesser amount of sunlight will come to earth, the earth will be protected from the phenomenon of climate change and global warming.

  •  IRON TO THE RESCUE

Scientists thought about the idea of oceans gobbling up all the access carbon from the atmosphere.
Phytoplankton, a kind of life form usually found on the surface of the ocean can eat up all the carbon. Scientists have thought to increase the amount of these beings and so for this they are going to pump large amounts of iron fillings into the ocean.
When these beings bloom, they will trap all the carbon from the atmosphere.

Friday, March 23, 2012

Conserving Water


Our top priority is to save and conserve water, especially freshwater by seepage and increasing storage through rainwater harvesting and other storage methods.
We can recycle and reuse all industrial and domestic sewage and significantly reduce the use of freshwater and conserve it.
Good water management task is huge, urgent and needs collaboration through which it can be achieved easily.
FACTS AN FIGURES
Running on empty taps!!
This is not a very distant thought, if our insatiable thirst for water does not end, our taps may run out of it in near future.

  • Running a tap can use 10-14 liters of water a minute. That is enough for a small bath of 5 minutes.


  • One drip per second wastes 1,200 liters of water in a year. That’s around 4 liters a day.


So awareness should be spread and various procedures should be taken into account and public level as well as government level to save and preserve water so that our future generations can survive and use it.

Melting of ice – a hot topic?


Ice plays an important role in shaping our planets environment. The role played by ice is a very significant one, what it does is that it reflects all the unwanted heat of the sun from the earth’s environment and keeps it cool. In places where there is minimal or no ice, absorb the sun’s heat and heat up the environment.
As the ice melts away more and more surface is available for the trapping of heat and because the earth traps heat the ice further melts and this cycle goes on.
Because of the above phenomenon, climate change occurs. Due to climate change, for example in the artic areas, affects lives all over the world. The melting of ice phenomenon is not only limited to the artic regions but is also happening in the mountainous areas.
GLOBAL IMPACTS
Ice holds a large supply of fresh water which is an essential part of the eco system. But when climate change occurs, our supply of fresh water i.e. ice, melts and because of this the supply of freshwater is reduced and affects all life forms which are dependent on fresh water supply.
Melting of polar ice sheets and ice glaciers etc. the sea level rises and people living in low lying areas and coastal regions are threatened by this rise in the level of water.
NEED OF AWARENESS
Through various mass media like the paper, magazines, internet and various governments held programs on environment, awareness about the effects and consequences of this change in climate should be created and spread to people of all walks of life. People should also be tough to fight this and preserve and conserve the environment.
Through very small and minimal efforts one can make a huge difference in minimizing impacts and saving our planet.

Thursday, March 22, 2012

Technologies in Schools


Today technology has incorporated in the schools in so many ways; we seldom realize the role it plays in our life. With the use of technologies like computers and internet in schools, students are open to a massive amount of information on any topic they want which helps students attain expertise in their respected subjects.

More and more schools today recognize the use of technology as an instructional tool for the students as well as the teachers. Technology helps students of all ages, irrespective of where they are and what they do, to gain knowledge of whichever subject they want.

With the help of E-schools students now can take up any course they want and can do it regardless of place, time and age. Online examinations provide a very easy way to give exams and with the computerized checking system, give more efficient results.

Teachers on the other hand, can also gain benefit from the technology. For example, new teachers can gain expertise in their area of teaching which can make her teaching more efficient and he/she can then easily explain to the students.

In the classroom, technologies like a projector can help teachers display visuals on the respective subjects which make learning easier and simple.

The school management also takes advantage of technology and can monitor students’ achievements and keep track of their annual records. It also helps school administration to take proper decisions and also helps in implementing policies.

However, many schools that still continues to teach in the traditional way and don’t have any knowhow about technology, strive to bring about the use of technology in their day-to-day curriculum.

Schools should understand that technology is a key component of this century. It helps students build up on their learning skills and come up to be lifelong learners.

SWITCH


The film “An Inconvenient Truth” by Al-Gore, Nobel Peace Laureate – who has done extensive work on climate change – highlighted the issue of global warming and the need for public awareness on climate change.
Power conservation, an issue on the horizon of crises, yet unnoticed by those who has the potential to do it – The Youth!
So, below are some areas where a common youth consumes electricity along with some measures to curtail the usage:

Ø Cellphones: Cellphones are a very essential part of a youth’s life with which they communicate, learn, play, organize and do many other stuff. But a very little notice is given on the way their battery charge.
Overcharging i.e. still keeping it plugged in after it has been fully charged wastes a lot of electricity and harms the phone too. Another phenomenon of wastage happens when one forgets to switch of the charger after unplugging the phone.
This has now taken care of by some visual reminders which can be downloaded and used. Cellphone companies and manufacturers too should now come up with an audio reminder for further prevention of wastage of electricity.

Ø Laptops & Netbooks: The markets today are flooding with different kinds of Laptops and computers but not much is being done to take care of the power consumption of the same.
One should always keep their laptops or computers in sleep or hibernation mode when they are not using it. A laptop in sleep/hibernation mode consumes 35watts/hr contrasting to 135watts/hr used by an active screen.

Ø Televisions: The television is the most common source of entertainment and news today and is used in almost all houses today. But nobody thinks about using it in an energy efficient way.
The way we check the picture quality and the screen size, we should check also how energy efficient it is and how much power it will consume. One should look for an energy star rating and do proper calculation before buying a television.
LCD screen TV’s are more energy efficient than their corresponding plain ones. In fact LCD TV’s save power by almost 60%.

Ø Air Conditioners: People find it difficult to stay without an AC in their environment but they fail to realize the impact it creates on the earth’s environment.
Unaware of the fact that the ideal temperature for cooling is 24o C. People don’t clean and change the air filters regularly hence failing to realize the cost of electricity they are paying for as the AC requires more time for cooling.
Switching off an AC after the intended space is cool enough will save 10% of power.

Ø Awareness: The main thing today’s youth should do is self-awareness. Understand on how much our basic facilities cost and how much electricity they consume will help in knowing what steps he/she should take to curtain them.
If one person starts saving, though it is a small amount, but slowly and steadily the whole world will start saving and that will lead towards a more energy efficient and greener environment.


Green IT


Green IT indicates a method of computing which uses an energy sufficient technology creating a very marginal impact on the environment. Now we know that many companies are striving to make this achievable but this can only be achieved if our huge population of students, using computers in their daily chores, participate and make it achievable.
Some people misunderstand the term and think of only the study of such material. But it also means creating or manufacturing such energy efficient products to create a minimal impact on the environment. Also, it refers to the disposing off of computers and electronics in an eco-efficient way.
Enlisted below are some ways in which one can make Green IT prosper and achievable:

  • Don’t throw off your old, used mobile phones. Instead recycle them at your nearest mobile store dealer.
  • ·        Instead of getting your phone bills via post opt for an e-statement which will save paper and eventually save the environment.
  • ·        Use virtualization techniques and cloud computing techniques. This reduces the network equipment and also makes the working environment energy efficient and compact.
  • ·        Nowadays many computers come with a Energy Star rating which signifies it to be a power efficient and ecofriendly computer. Make sure you buy your computers which are rated.


The awareness of Green IT is on a continuous rise. One should not wait for someone or something to happen. One should note that he/she can make things happen. Even a small contribution can make a huge difference.

Every Drop Counts


The ever-increasing demand for water around the world is increasing day by day, it is very crucial for us to save water on a daily basis. And as the saying goes “saving starts at home”, here are some points one can ponder on to save water:

  • ·        Rather than washing utensils in running water, fill up the basin first and then wash your utensils in it.
  • ·        Fruits and vegetables can be collected in a pan for washing instead of washing them in running tap water.
  • ·        Instead of thawing food in running water, use a microwave to thaw food.
  • ·        Recycle waste water from cooking and washing to water plants.
  • ·        Keep the tap turned off while brushing your teeth and shaving.